Croatia is rich in cultural and historical monuments of all time, thanks to historical events and the mixing of different cultures in this region. The influence of Mediterranean culture, numerous monuments from antiquity, ancient Rome and the early Middle Ages, Romanesque sacral heritage, and a full range of preserved characteristic of urban areas culture in Croatian coast. Because of its geographic position, Croatia represents a blend of four different cultural spheres. Croatia can really boast of its six cultural and historic natural beauties inscribed in the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage:
– Diocletians Palace in Split
– Basilica of Euphrasius in Porec
– Plitvice Lakes
– Romanesque Town Trogir
– Old City Dubrovnik
– Cathedral in Sibenik
– Starigrad field (Island Hvar)
In architecture traces left by many directions and styles of art. Since antiquity, the Middle Ages and the Romanesque, through gothic, renaissance, baroque and classicism. Most complete preserved Roman monuments have been preserved in Pula. Pula is full of classical Roman art: the city walls, two gates, arch, two temples in the Forum, the remains of two theaters. The most important are: Triumphal Arch, the Temple of Augustus, and the amphitheater, so. Pula arena. U Dalmatia and created the largest Roman architectural structure on Croatian soil, Diocletian’s Palace, the remnants of which would later develop the city of Split.
Croats gradually took over the existing environment of ancient culture and art, but at the same time accepted the Christian faith. It was built many churches, mainly longitudinal, or triple-aisled nave. Such is the church of Sts. Salvation at the source of the Cetina from the 9th century, the largest and most complex church circular base of the 9th century, the church of Sts. Donat in Zadar. During the romance period, early 11th century, was built numerous basilicas. The best preserved examples of Gothic architecture can be found in Istria: Hum, Bale, Motovun, but also in the north – Medvedgrad near Zagreb or the south – Sokolac in Lika.
Croatian literature is also through epochs and styles made a number of artists. The most important are the great Croatian writer Ivan Gundulic, Ivan Bunić Vučić, Junije Palmotić and Ignjat Djurdjevic. The most important writer of the 20th century is Miroslav Krleža. The representatives of new generation are Tin Ujević, Dobriša Cesarić , Dragutin Tadijanovic , Ivan Goran Kovacic and many others. Croatia has an extensive literary treasure. In addition, Croatia Art & Culture nurtured in numerous museums, galleries, theaters across the country.